Bharat Nirman Yojana: What is this scheme and Why it was formed

Bharat Nirman Yojana

Bharat Nirman Yojana: Introduction

India has long been an agrarian economy, with a significant portion of its population dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods. However, the success of agriculture is heavily reliant on one crucial factor – water. In a country where rainfall patterns can be unpredictable and droughts are not uncommon, the need for efficient irrigation systems becomes paramount. Recognizing this, the Indian government launched the “Bharat Nirman Yojana,” a groundbreaking initiative aimed at transforming the agricultural landscape of the nation through improved water resource management and irrigation capacity building.

Bharat Nirman Yojana: An Overview

The Bharat Nirman Yojana is a visionary scheme introduced by the Indian government to enhance water resources and irrigation capabilities across the country. This initiative, which began during the twelfth five-year plan, received a substantial budget allocation of 76,435 crore rupees from the Planning Commission in 2012. The primary goal of the scheme is to construct irrigation facilities with a capacity of 10 million hectares, particularly in drought-prone regions.

Source: PIB

Empowering Farmers

One of the most significant impacts of the Bharat Nirman Yojana has been the transformation of the lives of small and medium-sized farmers. The creation of irrigation capacity in drought-affected areas has brought about a multitude of benefits:

  1. Increased Crop Production: Reliable access to water for irrigation has resulted in higher crop yields. Farmers can cultivate multiple crops throughout the year, reducing their vulnerability to weather-dependent agriculture.
  2. Higher Income for Farmers: Improved agricultural productivity translates into higher incomes for farmers, leading to a better quality of life and increased economic stability for rural communities.
  3. Fodder Availability: Adequate irrigation facilities ensure the availability of fodder for livestock, contributing to the well-being of animals and boosting the income derived from animal husbandry.
  4. Water Security: The Bharat Nirman Yojana has played a pivotal role in ensuring water security in drought-prone areas, reducing the risk of crop failure and farmer distress.

Central Support and State Initiatives

To facilitate the development of irrigation capacity, the scheme incorporates programs like the Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program (AIBP) and the repair, renovation, and restoration (RRR) of water bodies. These programs provide crucial central support to state governments’ efforts in enhancing irrigation capabilities.

Under the scheme, 90% of central assistance for drought-prone areas is provided to state governments as grants. This financial backing has enabled states to implement projects that bolster their water infrastructure, benefiting both farmers and rural communities.

Transparency and Accountability

One of the strengths of the Bharat Nirman Yojana is its commitment to transparency and accountability. The details of irrigation capacity creation, including state-wise and district-wise allocations of funds, are readily available for public scrutiny. This transparency ensures that resources are used efficiently and that the benefits of the scheme reach those who need them the most.

Irrigation Capacity Development by State

The Bharat Nirman Yojana focused on constructing irrigation facilities with a capacity of 10 million hectares, particularly in drought-prone regions. Here is a summary of the achievements in irrigation capacity creation by various states as reported from April 2005 to March 2012:

  1. Andhra Pradesh: Achieved an irrigation capacity of 963.967 thousand hectares during the period.
  2. Arunachal Pradesh: Developed irrigation capacity of 28.967 thousand hectares.
  3. Assam: Successfully created irrigation capacity of 212.307 thousand hectares.
  4. Bihar: Achieved a remarkable irrigation capacity of 1034.681 thousand hectares.
  5. Chhattisgarh: Developed irrigation capacity covering 256.062 thousand hectares.
  6. Goa: Achieved an irrigation capacity of 15.379 thousand hectares during the period.
  7. Gujarat: Enhanced irrigation capacity to 760.542 thousand hectares.
  8. Haryana: Created irrigation capacity spanning 97.447 thousand hectares.
  9. Himachal Pradesh: Achieved irrigation capacity of 69.127 thousand hectares.
  10. Jammu and Kashmir: Developed irrigation capacity of 107.061 thousand hectares.
  11. Jharkhand: Successfully created irrigation capacity covering 176.107 thousand hectares.
  12. Karnataka: Enhanced irrigation capacity to 527.425 thousand hectares.
  13. Kerala: Developed irrigation capacity of 50.464 thousand hectares.
  14. Madhya Pradesh: Achieved a significant irrigation capacity of 673.759 thousand hectares.
  15. Maharashtra: Enhanced irrigation capacity to 927.323 thousand hectares.
  16. Manipur: Developed irrigation capacity covering 24.012 thousand hectares.
  17. Meghalaya: Successfully created irrigation capacity of 20.048 thousand hectares.
  18. Mizoram: Developed irrigation capacity of 23.210 thousand hectares.
  19. Nagaland: Achieved irrigation capacity of 30.040 thousand hectares.
  20. Odisha: Enhanced irrigation capacity to 507.755 thousand hectares.
  21. Punjab: Created irrigation capacity spanning 174.269 thousand hectares.
  22. Rajasthan: Achieved a significant irrigation capacity of 553.740 thousand hectares.
  23. Sikkim: Developed irrigation capacity covering 4.988 thousand hectares.
  24. Tamil Nadu: Enhanced irrigation capacity to 1928.784 thousand hectares.
  25. Tripura: Achieved irrigation capacity of 16.954 thousand hectares.
  26. Uttar Pradesh: Developed irrigation capacity of 2201.227 thousand hectares.
  27. Uttarakhand: Successfully created irrigation capacity of 173.294 thousand hectares.
  28. West Bengal: Enhanced irrigation capacity to 215.803 thousand hectares.

Source: PIB


The Bharat Nirman Yojana has played a pivotal role in transforming India’s agricultural landscape by significantly enhancing irrigation capacity across various states. The achievement of over 11 million hectares of irrigation capacity creation is a testament to the government’s commitment to improving water resources and agricultural productivity.

This initiative has not only empowered farmers with increased crop production and higher incomes but has also provided water security in drought-prone areas. The transparent reporting and accountability measures ensure that resources are efficiently utilized for the benefit of rural communities.

As India continues to prioritize agricultural development, the Bharat Nirman Yojana stands as a shining example of effective government intervention to bolster the nation’s agricultural sector and uplift the lives of its citizens.

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